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  • How The Pieces Move >> Kings         Pawns     Knights     Bishops     Rooks     Archbishops     Chancellors     Queens

    The King is the most important piece on the board. Its ultimate capture is the object of the game.
    Unlike every other piece on the board, the King is prohibited from moving to a square under attack by the enemy.
    It also can perform a special move referred to as castling which will be explained later. For now, we'll just explain how it moves.
    How the King Moves         Pawns     Knights     Bishops     Rooks     Archbishops     Chancellors     Queens

    The diagram above indicates all of the moves available for a centralized King on an open board.
    A King may take one "step" in any direction, as long as the space is unoccupied, and not under attack by an enemy piece.
    Because a King can attack as well, we make the following note: Kings can never be next to one another.

    Kings may never appear is any of the arrangements shown above.
    Kings Cannot Enter Into Check         Pawns     Knights     Bishops     Rooks     Archbishops     Chancellors     Queens

    The rule about Kings not entering check is not merely for the King itself. No piece may move in such a way that the King is left in check.
    As shown above, the white Chancellor is in the same file as the black King.
    Therefore, if the black Pawn were to capture the white Queen, the black King would be in check by the white Chancellor.
    Black can't take the white Queen for this reason, no matter how bad he wants to do so.

    In the position shown above, the black King cannot move left or right. The white Rook and Queen control all squares in those files.
    Therefore, the black King can only move vertically down the board from here.

    In this final diagram, the white Knights cover all of the squares surrounding the black King. It cannot move at all. If it were black's turn to move, this would be a stalemate draw.
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